Iraq releases Iran-aligned militia leader Qasim Muslih arrested on terrorism charges

Qasim Muslih, who commands the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) is seen after being released in Kerbala, Iraq.

Iraq has released an Iran-aligned militia commander arrested in May on terrorism-related charges after authorities found insufficient evidence against him, in the latest blow to government attempts to rein in armed groups.

Security forces arrested Qasim Muslih, an Iran-aligned paramilitary leader who operates mostly in Iraq’s western Anbar province and is from the southern holy city of Kerbala, on May 26.

The military had said the charges were terrorism-related but did not give details.

Security officials said at the time the arrest was linked to attacks on U.S. forces stationed in Iraq. Some media and analysts said it was because of Muslih’s alleged involvement in the killing of peaceful pro-democracy activists.

Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi has placed himself publicly in opposition to Iran-backed militias and parties, and Muslih’s arrest was a major attempt to rein in their power.

His release without prosecution is a blow to those efforts and one of a number of unsuccessful attempts to crack down on armed groups.

The two most high-profile moves against Iran-backed factions – the arrest of Muslih in May and the detention in June 2020 of fighters allegedly involved in rocket fire against U.S. targets – have each resulted in no prosecutions and all those arrested being released.

On both occasions, heavily armed militiamen have stormed Baghdad’s fortified Green Zone, where foreign embassies and government buildings are located, threatening the prime minister.

Muslih commands the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) in Anbar province and leads his own faction within the organisation.

The PMF is Iraq’s state paramilitary grouping that includes mostly Shi’ite Muslim factions and is dominated by Iran-backed groups. Muslih is seen by Western and some Iraqi officials as being aligned with Iran.

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