Venezuela issues pardon to dozens of opposition politicians

Nicolas Maduro
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro speaks during a news conference at Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela.

Venezuela said on Monday it had pardoned more than 100 opposition politicians, including more than 20 legislators who had been accused of conspiring against President Nicolas Maduro, as the country heads toward parliamentary elections in December.

The effort signals that the ruling Socialist Party is seeking to boost participation in the upcoming vote, which part of the opposition had vowed to boycott on the grounds that it is rigged.

Those pardoned via a presidential decree include legislator Freddy Guevara, who sought asylum in the Chilean diplomatic residence, as well as Roberto Marrero, who had served as chief of staff to opposition leader and congress chief Juan Guaido.

Chief prosecutor Tarek Saab said in an interview said that the pardons were meant to “promote political debate” and to “strengthen the right to human suffrage.”

“If they return to any act of terrorism, violence or coup-mongering, obviously this benefit will cease,” he said.

Freddy Guevara
Freddy Guevara, first vice president of the National Assembly, attends a session of the National Assembly in Caracas, Venezuela.

Many of those mentioned participated in a failed 2019 rebellion that sought to persuade the military to drop their backing for Maduro but ultimately failed to sway top commanders.

Some of those pardoned are imprisoned, while others have sought diplomatic asylum or are in exile.

Opposition leaders say Maduro’s 2018 re-election was fraudulent, and have recognized Guaido as the legitimate president. More than 50 other countries, including the United States, followed suit.

“Maduro isn’t president and I’m not a delinquent,” wrote lawmaker Americo de Grazia, who was mentioned in the decree. “If you want to contribute to peace, give Venezuela a pardon from your usurpation of power.”

The measure made no mention of Leopoldo Lopez, one of the opposition’s most high-profile leaders, who was jailed in 2014 for leading protests against Maduro and is now living in the Spanish diplomatic residence.

Nor does it mention military officers locked up on charges of plotting to overthrow Maduro.

Rights groups have harshly criticized Venezuela’s government for arbitrarily jailing adversaries, often on charges made with little or no evidence and in violation of basic due process and parliamentary immunity of legislators.

Maduro’s government has in the past released small groups of jailed opposition leaders, but those releases have typically been followed by more such arrests.

The government denies holding political prisoners and says such accusations are part of U.S.-backed efforts to tarnish its image.

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